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New measures in the presidency should be adopted in the coming weeks in Iran. After the death of Iranian president Efraim Raisi, this Sunday (19), the vice president, Mohammad Mokhber, should assume the position in the country with the approval of the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

The country's Constitution states that in the event of the president's death, the vice president must assume the position. In addition, there is a determination of a new presidential election within 50 days, drawn up by the three authorities of the republic's powers, vice president, head of the judiciary and the president of parliament.

Country hierarchy

The Islamic republic has a political system based on democratic and theocratic elements, fused through religious means.

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The most important figure who makes the majority of decisions in the country is the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has held the position since 1989.

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Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei (Photo: reproduction/WANA/REUTERS)


The supreme leader is the head of state and highest authority, both in politics and religion. As it is a lifetime position, Ali can appoint people to important positions and can also deal with issues related to security, politics and internal and external defense.

Below the Supreme Leader comes the president, followed by the vice president, judiciary, parliament, Council of Guardians, where they ensure that laws passed by parliament are properly aligned with the constitution and Islamic law, and finally, the Armed Forces .

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Following this front line are the Army, the police and the Revolutionary Guardians, whose objective is to protect the country's political system.

For any change to be carried out, the supreme leader is the one who must be consulted for such actions. He is above the president himself.

Death of Efraim Raisi


Efraim Raise, president of Iran since 2021 (Photo: reproduction/Atta Kenare/AFP)


President Efraim Raise, 63, of Iran died last Sunday (19), after a helicopter he was traveling in crashed in a mountainous region.

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According to the official press, the aircraft crashed due to weather conditions. In addition to the president, other authorities were on board the flight returning from the inauguration of a dam on the border with Azerbaijan.

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Featured photo: on the left, Efraim Raise; on the right, Mohammad Mokhber (Reproduction/Presidency of the Brother/AFP/HO/AFP/Assembly by André Pontes)

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